The Victorian Coroner recommends that “…future road tunnels requires a design that incorporates an emergency lay-by…”
The truck driver, David Kalwig went to jail [R v Kalwig  VSC 373 (1 September 2009)].
The Victorian Coroner says that tunnels should have emergency lanes. Big deal. We knew that already. This tunnel didn’t have one. A cheap shortcut. Yet the driver of the truck gets the blame – someone with seconds to make a decision. Yet those with years to plan, procure and approve the design get no blame.
Blame the driver, the worker, the pilot – whoever is closest. It is the easiest. Paraphrasing from Trevor Kletz: blaming these accidents on operator error is true – and useless.
Eastern Freeway (not the crash site) with emergency lanes built decades earlier